Information

Stockton II DD-73 - History


Stockton II DD-73

Stockton II(Destroyer No. 73: dp. 1,125 (n.); l. 315'6; b. 31'2; dr. 8'1h; s. 30.12 k. (tl.); cpl. 128; a. 4 4", 2 1-pdr., 12 21" tt.; cl. Caldwell)The second Stockton (Destroyer No. 73), a torpedo boat destroyer, was laid down on 16 October 1916 by William Cramp & Sons at Philadelphia, Pa., launched on 17 July 1917; sponsored by Miss Ellen Emelie De Martelly, and commissioned on 26 November 1917, Comdr. H. A. Baldridge in command.Stockton spent the last year of World War I assigned to convoy escort and antisubmarine duty, operating out of Queenstown, Ireland. During that time, she engaged an enemy U boat on at least one occasion. On 30 March 1918, she and modifications (Destroyer No. 56) were escorting the troopship St. Paul on the Queenstown-Liverpool circuit, when Ericsion opened fire on a German submarine. The submerged enemy launched a torpedo at Stockton almost immediately thereafter, and the destroyer narrowly evaded the "fish." The two destroyers dropped patterns of depth charges, but the U-boat managed to evade their attack and escaped. Later that night, Stockton collided with SS Slieve Bloom near South Sark Light. The destroyer had to put into Liverpool for repairs and the merchantman sank.Stockton returned to the United States in 1919 and for three years continued to serve with the fleet. On 26 June 1922, she was placed out of commission and laid up at Philadelphia, Pa. Stockton was recommissioned on 16 August 1940 and shuttled to Halifax, where she was decommissioned on the 23d and turned over to the United Kingdom under the provisions of the LendLease agreement. She served the Royal Navy as HMS Ludlow. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 8 January 1941.The name Stockton was assigned on 22 January 1941 to DD-504, an experimental 900-ton destroyer ordered on 9 September 1940 from the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Kearny, N.J. However, the contract v. as canceled on 10 February 1941 and replaced by a contract for a 1 630-ton destroyer of the Gleaves class, Stockton (DD-6i6).


Stockton II DD-73 - History

USS Stockton , a 1125-ton Caldwell class destroyer, was built at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Commissioned in late November 1917, she soon crossed the Atlantic to join the U.S. Navy anti-submarine forces based at Queenstown, Ireland. For the rest of World War I Stockton escorted convoys and performed patrol duties in the vicinity of the British isles. At the end of March 1918 she took part in an engagement with a German U-Boat, but the action ended without significant damage to either side.

Stockton returned to the United States following the November 1918 Armistice. In May 1919, during the trans-Atlantic flight of the NC-4 aircraft, she was stationed on plane guard duty west of the Azores. The destroyer's active service continued until June 1922, when she was decommissioned and placed in reserve at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Following eighteen years in "red lead row", Stockton was brought back to commissioned status in mid-August 1940. However, her U.S. Navy career lasted only long enough for a transit to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where she was placed out of commission and transferred to Great Britain later in August. Renamed Ludlow , she served in the Royal Navy until about 1943, when she was beached for use as an aircraft target.

USS Stockton was named in honor of Captain Robert F. Stockton (1795-1866), an important figure in the 19th Century Navy and in contemporary politics.

This page features, and provides links to, all the views we have concerning USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73, later DD-73).

If you want higher resolution reproductions than the digital images presented here, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."

Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73)

In Queenstown harbor, Ireland, circa 1918.
Note her pattern camouflage.

Donation of Captain H.A. Baldridge, USN (Retired), who was the ship's first Commanding Officer.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 78KB 740 x 605 pixels

USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73)

Moored alongside another destroyer in a British harbor, circa 1918.
Note her pattern camouflage.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 52KB 740 x 535 pixels

USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73)

In British waters, circa 1918, while painted in pattern camouflage.

Courtesy of Jack Howland, 1985.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 64KB 740 x 510 pixels

Note: This photo is not very sharp.

USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73)

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 79KB 740 x 535 pixels

Screened color print of an oil painting by Burnell Poole. It depicts USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73) narrowly averting a collision with a large troopship she was escorting in thick weather during 1918.

Courtesy of the U.S. Navy Art Collection, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 101KB 740 x 525 pixels

NOTE: At the time of this writing (October 2004) the original painting was in poor condition and awaiting restoration.

USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73)

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 71KB 740 x 600 pixels

USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73)

Collision damage to the ship's bow, 1918.
The original image is printed on post card stock.

Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2006.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 70KB 740 x 470 pixels

Trans-Atlantic Flight of the "NC" Aircraft, May 1919

Diagram of the third leg of the flight of the NC-1, NC-3 and NC-4 aircraft, between Trepassy Bay, Newfoundland, and the Azores, during 16 May to 20 May 1919. It also shows the positions of the 21 U.S. Navy destroyers stationed along the way.
Printed by the Matthews-Northrup Works, Buffalo, New York.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 109KB 900 x 605 pixels

The following photograph shows a destroyer that MAY be USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73):

Painted in what appears to be Mackay "low visibility" camouflage, during World War I.
This is probably USS Conner (Destroyer # 72), which wore similar camouflage, but might possibly be her sister ship, USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73).

Courtesy of Ted Stone, 1985.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 54KB 740 x 425 pixels

USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73) is visible in the background in the following photograph of another ship:

Moored at Queenstown, Ireland in 1918.
She is painted in "Dazzle" type camouflage.
USS Stockton (Destroyer # 73) -- with three tall smokestacks -- is moored alongside Downes , with two other destroyers in the nest further to starboard.


USS Stockton (i) (DD 73)


USS Stockton (DD-73). US Navy photo # NH 63214.

USS Stockton was decommissioned at Philadelphia 26 June 1922 and berthed with the reserve fleet
Recommissioned 16 August 1940
Decommissioned and transferred to Great Britain 23 October 1940 being renamed HMS Ludlow
Stricken 8 January 1941.

Commands listed for USS Stockton (i) (DD 73)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Lewis Robinson Miller, USN16 Aug 194023 Oct 1940

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From Competing Voices: A Critical History of Stockton, California:

During the Thirties, Stockton was divided in two by a racial divide: north of Weber Avenue was reserved for whites, and south of Weber Avenue, for minority groups. Dawn Mabalon claims Main Street rather than Weber Avenue served as the invisible barrier. However, this is a difference without a distinction, because Main and Weber are only a block apart. In his book honoring Americans who befriended Japanese internees during World War II, Shizu Siegel maintains, along with Kyle Wood, that the “color line” in Stockton was drawn along Weber Avenue. Seldom did Japanese Nisei youths from Japantown (Nihonmachi)) venture north of it. “The gracious bungalows and well-trimmed lawns on the north side,” Shizu Siegel notes, “were a world away from the crowded workingmen’s hotels and pool halls squeezed between downtown and the waterfront.” What kept these two distinct worlds apart was a combination of the “Eurocentricism, racism, and classism” of the white majority culture combined with the deferential attitude inculcated by traditional Japanese ethics and mores.

Soft segregation in Stockton was enforced by “restrictive covenants.” In other words, homeowners in certain neighborhoods were forbidden to sell or lease their property to “undesirables.” As a Jewess, Tillie Lewis circumvented this prohibition through clever devices. The previous owner of her first mansion on North San Joaquin Street was Doctor John Vincent Craviotto. A native of Genoa, Italy, he came to California in 1879 with his parents at the age of five. . Tillie bought the doctor’s mansion by dealing with him directly and conducting negotiations entirely in Italian, which led his daughter to believe that she was a northern Italian rather than a Ukrainian Jewess. Tillie bought here second mansion on Willow Street through her company.

During the 1930s, Stockton’s major movie theater on Main Street, the Fox California, was segregated, although less obviously than it would have been had it been located in the Jim Crow South. There was no special entrance for “Coloreds” leading to a separate section of the auditorium. Stockton’s segregation was more subtle but no less effective. Members of minority groups, especially Filipinos/as, who entered the Fox California movie palace were escorted by uniformed ushers carrying flashlights to the right and left wings of the main floor and to the balcony and loge but not to the center section, which was reserved for whites only.

Although the city’s public schools were not segregated, certain restaurants, department stores,and hotels, as well as public swimming pools, were segregated, but de facto rather than de jure. (See the picture.) If racial minorities, especially Filipinos/as cruised the Miracle Mile, they were pulled over by the police and told to go back to their part of town, that is, beyond Weber Avenue.


Japanese War Crimes: The Rape of Nanking

Wikimedia Commons Nanking Massacre.

World War II began in China. The Japanese decision to occupy and annex Manchuria in 1931 set the ball rolling for everything that followed, including the U.S.-led oil embargo that was the proximate cause of the Japanese attack on the South Pacific and the war that followed.

The first shots of this war were fired in 1937, when the Empire of Japan launched a full-scale ground invasion of China in an effort to permanently crush Chinese resistance to Japan. Within months, the Nationalist capital of Nanking fell to the Japanese, and what followed has gone down in history as one of the worst wastes of human life on record: The Rape of Nanking.

Starting around December 13, 1937, and continuing for more than six weeks, Nanking suffered as few other cities in history ever have.

The Japanese, looking at the 90,000 captives as an opportunity to train their own soldiers in brutality, transported them out of the city for executions, the more brutal the better. They marched Chinese soldiers into designated killing fields. There Japanese officers and enlisted men shot, stabbed, and beheaded the Chinese in an attempt to condition them out of having human pity for a fallen enemy.

When the supply of POWs ran thin, the Japanese turned on the city’s 600,000 civilians, whom the retreating Chinese Nationalists had prevented from fleeing. In the orgy of rape and murder that followed, which saw babies run through with bayonets and pregnant women sliced open with swords, as many as 300,000 people may have died.

Things got so bad that the 22 Westerners remaining in Nanking organized a “safety zone” near the port, under the control of a German Nazi, of all people, named John Rabe.

The Rape of Nanking was such a horrific event that Japan has yet to fully acknowledge or apologize for it. For one, official Japanese estimates place the number of dead closer to 50,000.

Even now, nearly 80 years later, this refusal to take responsibility for the first major war crime of WWII remains a stumbling block in closer diplomatic and trade relations between the two countries.


As the end of the war in Europe became a reality, the US War Department began planning for the redeployment of Army personnel following the end of hostilities. The Readjustment Regulations were first introduced on September 15, 1944, and revised February 15, 1945, and again on March 5, 1945.

The rules were simple in general principle: "those who had fought longest and hardest should be returned home for discharge first." The US Army divided units of the European Theater of Operations into four categories:

  1. Units designated as occupation forces (such as the Third and Seventh Army)
  2. Units that had been overseas for less than one year, or those: (a) to be redeployed directly to the Pacific (b) to be redeployed to the Pacific via the United States (c) to be returned to the United States to be placed in strategic reserve.
  3. Units to be organized or re-organized in the European Theater for use as occupation forces, or to be redeployed to the Pacific Theater of Operations.
  4. Units to be returned to the United States and inactivated or disbanded.

New replacement troops would replace the veterans returning home.

An enlisted man needed a score of eighty-five points to be considered for demobilization. The scores were determined as follows: [1]

  1. Month in service = 1 point each
  2. Month in service overseas = 1 point each, in addition to month in service
  3. Combat award (Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Silver Star Medal, Distinguished Flying Cross, Soldier's Medal, Bronze Star Medal, Air Medal, Purple Heart) or campaign participation star = 5 points each
  4. Dependent child under eighteen years old = 12 points each

Time of service was calculated from September 16, 1940. [2] The four criteria were the only ones from which points were calculated. No points were issued for age, marriage, or dependent children over the age of eighteen. Battles and awards were also only accepted from a predetermined list. [1]

Different scores were set for troops in the US Army, US Army Air Forces, Women’s Army Corps and holders of the Medal of Honor.

Officers Edit

Before the surrender of Japan, officers who may have had to serve again in combat were assessed not only on their ASR score but also on their efficiency and military specialities. Most high-scoring officers could have expected an early discharge after VE Day. The qualifying score was revised down to eighty points after VJ Day. In the coming months it would be lowered again. [2]

Medical personnel Edit

Scores varied before the end of May 1945 by varied department in the Medical Corps.

  • Medical Administrative Corps (MAC) = 88 points
  • Medical Corps (MC) = 85 points (plus specialty)
  • Nurses Corps = 71 points
  • Physical Therapists = 65 points
  • Hygienists and Dietitians = 62 points

The discharge program continued until the end of July 1945 the demand to ship personnel and equipment to the Pacific became so great that medical units were prevented from shipping back to the United States for inactivation. However, all transfers to the Pacific were abruptly halted with announcement of the Japanese surrender on August 14, 1945. [3]

By September 1945, the War Department redesignated all units in Europe as either Occupation Forces (personnel with either the lowest scores or who were volunteers), Redeployment Forces (those with the highest score being sent back to the United States) or Liquidation Forces (troops with middle scores of 60–79 points) who were required to close down former front line facilities such as munition dumps or field hospitals.

Nevertheless, the ASR began to create problems for the US Army in post-war Germany as high-scoring personnel plus the attrition caused by sickness, compassionate leave and accidents meant continual loss of many experienced officers and NCOs.

By December 1, 1945, a new policy was started, which was based on a combination of ASR score and length of service. The points required were as follows:

  • Officers (excluding Medical Department & WAC) = 70 and four years of military service
  • Women's Army Corps officers = 37 points
  • Medical Department officers = 55 points
  • All enlisted men = 50 and four years of military service
  • All enlisted women = 32 points

All enlisted fathers with three or more dependent children under 18 years of age were immediately eligible for discharge irrespective of their time in military service. [1]


Stockton II DD-73 - History

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Stockton II DD-73 - History

-Robert Gallien, Founder and President

Bob Gallien getting his hands dirty testing glues for speaker manufacturing.

ON A SUNNY AFTERNOON IN 1968, Robert Gallien walked into his local music store, carrying an amplifier he had made in his garage. It had a unique design that impressed the storeowner, as well as a local club musician named Carlos Santana, who bought it the next day and took it to Woodstock. Thirty one years and thousands of amplifiers later, Bob Gallien is still designing some of the most innovative and highly sought after products on the market. His creations enjoy a heritage of recording and stage performances with the world’s most discriminating artists.

Gallien-Krueger is the leading manufacturer in the industry, maintaining uninterrupted U.S. production for over 40 years. Just as our earlier products are still telling their story, the products we create and produce here today will be talking to us for years to come.

READ MORE ABOUT BOB AND GK'S STORY:

From Bob Gallien – Bass Gear Icon by Terry Buddingh. Bob Gallien in 1974, from an early magazine ad.


17 thoughts on &ldquo Memories of the Green Howards WWII &rdquo

My father, William Daniel Perry, was discharged from the “Green Howards” having previously served in the Yorkshire & Lancashire Regiment from 22.4.41 to 3.6.42.He was a private, and was captured at Tobruk and sent to an Italian POW camp. He escaped from the camp and spent about six months in the Italian mountains living in an Italian village that did not support Mussolini or Nazi Germany. Eventually he had to leave as it became too dangerous for the villagers to hide him. He was recaptured though, and sent to Stalag X1A In Germany from 4.6.42 to 17.4.45 under very poor living and working conditions making bricks. Near the end of the war he escaped again and met up with the American army who retuned with him to the camp and liberated the POW’s. He stayed with the Americans in Berlin until the British was able to fly him home to Barkingside, Essex. Dad was born in 1915, Silverton, London, England, and died in 1992, Hatfield Peveral, Essex, England.

I am trying to get info about my dad who was in the greenhowards from 1939 to 1945 his name was Lawrence Taylor

My Grandfather was Alexander (Alec)Hutchinson, died 1958, I never met him. I recall seeing a dog tag my father kept which I am sure was Stalag XIV B. This was Alec’s ID while a prisoner, after capture in N Africa. Does anyone have any information on that camp or the March the men were forced to make by the Nazi’s
Thanks
Nick Hutchinson

Information retrieved from Find my Past – possible solution

British Army Casualty Lists 1939-1945
WO 417 / 91 : Green Howards : Army No 4391119 : Hutchinson, A
Rank Cpl : 5th Battalion Green Howards : Western Desert

WO 392 / 21 : Prisoners of War : Italy : 1 British Army
Camp no PG 65 : Hutchinson, A : Rank Cpl : Army No 4391119 : Green Howards
Camp no PG 65 : located near Gravina in Italy

WO 392 / 11 : Prisoners of War : Germany : Section 1 British Army
Camp No 344 : Stalag VIII B ( Lamsdorf ) Poland
POW No 220716 : Hutchinson, A : Rank Cpl : Army No 4391119 : Green Howards

Thanks to all who have added information about the 4th and 5th battalions of the Green Howard’s and their role in the Battle of Gazala. I am still trying to,find more information about what happened to him having been taken POW at Gazala. Looking for information about his route and stay at Macharata in Italy and then at the Stalag camp in Torgau, Germany. Anyone know what it was like at Torgau and how he was liberated. He was there for nearly 4 years.
Thanks
Dave Cooper

My dad L.Cpl Bernard Cooper was in the 4th Battalion Green Howards. He fought in the Battle of Gazala May 28-June 1. He was captured and went first to an Italian POW camp in Mascerate and ended up at Stalag 4b at Torgau where he became an arbeitskommando and worked repairing railway lines that the British and American bombers blew up! I would like to know what happened to him either on his way to Africa. I have photos of him in Cairo enjoying himself but have no idea how he got there. Also I don’t know anything about his release from Torgau and how he got back to England. If anyone has any details please email me [email protected]

David, the only way to the Middle east at that time was by troopship and it would be round the Horn off Africa up the red sea to Suez. They would then go to massive camps in the Canal Zone to be brought up to fitness and get used to the conditions.
The Battle of Gazala stopped Rommel so he tried a Southern attack and was frustrated by the Free French at Bir Hakim. Rommel then attacked again in the North driving the British back Tobruk fell and something like 50,000 of our troops were killed wounded or taken prisoner. It was supposedly Rommel’s biggest victory in Africa.
Two men I knew who were POW’s worked in the mines they told me you got extra rations if you worked as against starvation rations if you did not.
Many of the POW’s freed by advancing troops were flown home, they were lucky, others in camps further east took part in long marches to the west to escape the Russians many died on the way.
I got some of this information from men who came back to work in the factories I worked in. Jimmy Burnip Stan Browm, Mick Dolan and some who’s names have gone. Some like Charly Garbut were called up sent to Germany wounded sent back and invalided out near the end of the war all within months. Most never spoke about the war experience some could not forget it.
Frank.

Thanks Frank for adding to the story. The little I know from what he did in the desert was that he was forever digging trenches. He gave the impression that he saw little active duty but what I have found about the Howard’s 4th battalion was they were short on ammo and fought to the last before surrendering.

David, Infantry have to carry everything on their backs. A Rifle nine pounds, (I was a Bren gunner so it was twelve pounds) then ammunition in bandoleers of fifty rounds plus all the kit to exist once in the line. If dug in you relied on runners bringing up extra ammunition food and water. Once your supply line was cut you were on your own with what you had.
My time in the middle east was 1947-49, it was still by Troopship but we went up the Mediterranean stopping at Gibraltar for repairs after an Atlantic storm then Malta to Port Said and by Train to Suez where we had fourteen days training for the conditions as your Dad did then on to oversee the Mandate May 1948, not a good time.
It took around 70% of the Army to put 20% near a front line that includes Infantry Armour and Artillery, they are the people doing all the fighting, by the end of the war most fighting units had nearly 300% turnover. Wounded were sent back to their units after recovery as i was, it was how it was done, the Dead never came home as they would now.
You may ask how I know about this, I made it to WO1, was in the Middle East when we still had hundreds of German POW’s working for and with the army as they could not go home to some parts of Germany at that time.
An eye opener to me in Convalescent camp where Germans were sent who were about to go home they mixed with us ate and drank with us they also went on guard with us. Two came to my tent cleaned my Sten gun and Browning Pistol loaded the mags pushed me in an old fashioned whicker bath chair to our position on the Canal then brewed tea. I told them if there was any trouble take the weapons and hold while i ran for help. Soldiers are all the same really Pacifists at heart.
Frank.

I where the vets badge meet people all of the time you are right my farther went by the cape to north Africa spent six years there during the war My own service three years sent to Kenya by troop ship Dunera them times you could not come home two years in a tent and six month in Barhian i also was a bren gunner I served in the Coldstream Guards 2nd bat 59 to 62


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Watch the video: The Story of Stockton Development Center (January 2022).