As Christmas approaches and among the many works of art, there is one of moving reality and simplicity "Le Nouveau Né" by Georges de La Tour. It was the first "real" baby in the History of Painting that enthusiasts might compare to the baby Jesus in the arms of his mother Mary.
The East fascinates the West, which largely invented it, as a mythologized and fantasized object. Thus was born Orientalism which, in the 19th century, essentialized this East, despite the centuries-old conflicts between "Westerners" and "Orientals". In his book, Mythes de l'Orient en Occident, historian Jean-Louis Tritter reviews these recurring images of a largely imaginary space.
In the context of the weakening Ottoman Empire, there is a "return" to Islam. This return to religion is distinguished by a reference to the Salafs, that is to say the "pious ancestors", and that is why we will call the reformers of the end of the 19th century, the Salafists. Reformers because if they react to Westernization, they also oppose the conservative ulama.
It was under the Ancien Régime (16th-18th century) that eating became a way of life, and more precisely under the reign of Louis XIV, whose reputation for lavish receptions has come down to us. If you still eat with your fingers under Louis XV, meals are more clean and orderly.